BOOK DETAILS

True Black History 7000bc-present

True Black History 7000bc-present

by Akan Takruri

ISBN: 9781365579462

Publisher lulu.com

Published in History/Africa, History/World, Nonfiction

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Book Description

This book is a history book, that shows Africa in its greatness before colonization. It shows before the development of Egypt in 7000bc, all the way up until the migration of West Africans in 1000bc. It shows Africa as it was, in thriving as the richest continent up until the 1500's. Then it takes you on a journey to what happened to the continent to place it in its current state.

Sample Chapter

Egyptians/Nubians, how they came to be

This explains our start in history. This point begins around the 7000 bc time frame. In that period everyone on the planet were hunter gatherer tribes. During this time they were making their transition into becoming the two civilizations of Egypt and Nubia

The Predynastic Period in Ancient Egypt is the time before recorded history from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic Age and on to the rise of the First Dynasty and is generally recognized as spanning the era from c. 6000-3150 BCE (though physical evidence argues for a longer history). While there are no written records from this period, archaeological excavations throughout Egypt have uncovered artifacts which tell their own story of the development of culture in the Nile River Valley. The periods of the Predynastic Period are named for the regions/ancient city sites in which these artifacts were found and do not reflect the names of the cultures who actually lived in those areas.

Charlotte Booth, MA, is an Egyptologist, lecturer, and founder of the Essex Egyptology Group

The ancient people who lived in the Nile valley were a melting pot of many ethnic groups, with many different origins. Prior to 5000 BC, the Nile valley did not have any settled people, because the surrounding area was rich in vegetation and was inhabited by a number of nomadic hunter-gatherer tribes, which followed large animals such as lions, giraffes, and ostriches as a source of food.

However, due to climatic change in approximately 5000 BC, the area surrounding the Nile valley began to dry out and was no longer able to sustain the large animals. This climate shift meant that the nomadic tribes all converged on the Nile valley because the river was slowly becoming the only source of water in the region.

As a result, the first Egyptian population was a collection of different nomadic tribes, which slowly integrated with each other and created a new society:

In the south of Egypt, the origins of the people were Nubian, Nubians were hunter gatherers and herders. They settled in an area that’s below Egypt that’s called modern day Sudan. Nubians were known for having fearsome warriors. Nubian warriors were called Medjay warriors or Medjay bowmen. They were very accomplished archers. In the army, the Medjay served as garrison troops in Egyptian fortifications in Nubia and patrolled the deserts as a kind of gendarmerie. This was done in the hope of preventing their fellow Medjay tribespeople from further attacking Egyptian assets in the region. Later, they were even used during Kamose’s campaign against the Hyksos and became instrumental in making the Egyptian state into a military power.

By the Eighteenth Dynasty of the New Kingdom period, the Medjay were an elite paramilitary police force. No longer did the term refer to an ethnic group and, over time, the new meaning became synonymous with the policing occupation in general. Being an elite police force, the Medjay were often used to protect valuable areas, especially royal and religious complexes. Though they are most notable for their protection of the royal palaces and tombs in Thebes and the surrounding areas, the Medjay were known to have been used throughout Upper and Lower Egypt.Christopher Ehret

Professor of History, African Studies Chair

University of California at Los Angeles writes

"Ancient Egyptian civilization was, in ways and to an extent usually not recognized, fundamentally African. The evidence of both language and culture reveals these African roots.

"We find when we discover Egypt in what we call the First Dynasty, under Menes, that it is at its absolute zenith of culture in painting, sculpture, architecture. From this peak period, the Egyptian culture steadily declines. It is very much as if the Egyptians found themselves the inheritors of a great ready-made culture of which they could take advantage, which they could utilize and even to some degree emulate, but which they themselves did not create . . . . This very strongly suggests that it drew its greatness from a source higher than itself . . . ."

--Jalandris, The Hall of Records: The Hidden secrets of the Pyramid and Sphinx, 1980

"This civilization called Egyptian in our period developed for a long time in its early cradle . . . This cycle of civilization, the longest in history, presumably lasted 10,000 years. This is a reasonable compromise between the long chronology (based on data provided by Manetho -the last student of the Ancient Egyptian Mystery School of Anu at Alexandria before it was invaded by Alexander the Great in 330 BCE-- which places the beginning at 17,000 BCE) and the short chronology [3100 BCE] of the moderns - for the latter are obliged to admit that by 4245 BCE the Egyptians had already invented the calendar (which necessarily requires the passages of thousands of years)."

--Cheik Anta Diop, The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality (originally published Nations Negres et Culture) 1955(Published in English in 1974)

"In this chapter I hope to demonstrate that the origin of the civilization of Egypt (khem) was black African, specifically Ethiopian or Anu . . . The history of Black will remain suspended in air and cannot be written correctly until African historians dare connect it with the history of Egypt. In reviewing Egypt's beginnings, we find an advanced civilization already intact from the earliest Dynasty. This fact has perplexed historians down through the ages. Common sense dictates that if Egypt began fully mature, then its civilization must have originated elsewhere . . . . [Herodotus] The `Father of History' was told that the first man to rule Egypt was Min, who lived so long ago that Egypt was still under water: `in (Min's) time the whole country, except the district around Thebes, was marsh, none of the land below Lake Moeris, was then showing above water. To this place from the sea [Nowe] is seven days passage up the river . . . . "

--Wayne Chandler, Of Gods and Men: Egypt's Old Kingdom, 1989

"According to Flnders Petrie these people were the Anu whose name, known to us since the protohistoric epoch, is always written with three pillars on the few inscriptions extant from the end of the fourth millennium before our era. The natives of the country are always represented with unmistakable chiefly emblems for which one looks in vain among the infrequent portrayals of other races, who are all shown as servile foreign elements having reached the valley by infiltration (cf. Tera Neter and the Scorpion king whom Petrie (wrongly) groups together; `The Scorpion King . . . belonged to the preceding race of Anu, moreover he worshipped Min and Set.'). As we shall see later Min, like the chief gods of Egypt, was called by the tradition of Egypt itself `The Great Negro'. . . .

"The Palermo Stone is Egypt's oldest history book . . . revealing to us information on the early kings of Egypt, along with mythical kings prior to the dynastic era. This fragment of a 5th century basalt stele . . .was doubtless one of the documents that Manetho used to compile his history of Egypt. The king list covers the period from the Old Kingdom back thousands of years into the predynastic period. It chronicles these mythical kings until the time of the god Horus, who is said to have given the throne to the human king Menes. . . . Other interesting information recorded by the Palermo stone is the construction of a stone building called Men-netjeret (2686-2667 BCE), copper smelting and copper statues created in the 2nd Dynasty (2890-2686 BCE) and a record of forty ships that brought wood from an unknown region outside of Egypt during the reign of Sneferu . . . describing military expeditions such as campaign in Nubia that resulted in the capture of 7,000 slaves . . . . .that probably resulted in the disappearance of the local Nubian culture. . . ."

--Alan Winston, The Palermo Stone, 1999

"More evidence comes from the Books of Thoth. It describes one of the pyramids as standing upon the sea-shore, `the waves of which dashed in powerless fury against its base.'. . . They add that from them [Ethiopians who built the pyramids], as from their authors and ancestors, the Egyptians get most of their laws. It is from them that the Egyptians have learned to honor kings and gods and bury them with such pomp; sculpture and writing were invented by the Ethiopians. The Ethiopians cite evidence that they are more ancient than the Egyptians . . . .The most complete list of [Egyptian] kings known appeared in the Royal Papyrus of Turin, which assigned in order of dynasty the names of over 130 kings. . . . . Manetho named over a hundred kings and divided them into thirty dynasties . . . .

The two most complete versions of his list are those quoted by Julius Africansu and by Eusebius. . . .According to Julius Africanus, 561 kings reigned for approximately 5,524 years in total. Eusebius, on the other hand, states that 361 kings ruled in 4,780 years. . . . Cheik Anta Diop, egyptologist, linguist, physicist and historian, allows 10,000 years for the cycle of Egyptian civilization. His logic is pure and simple and hard to refute. The Egyptian calendar was based on the cylce of the star Sirius whose rise coincides with the sun every 1,461 years. Now any astronomer will verify the fact that it takes thousands of years to study the stellar movement of celestial bodies before one may acquire information accurate enough to develop a calendar. . . . Thus, if the Egyptians had the calendar in 4245 BCE and it took the passage of several thousands years to amass enough data to create it, then it is only rational that we adhere to the logic of Professor Diop. Diop goes on to say, `The official date, adopted until now for no special reason wavers between 3100 BCE and 3000 BCE. In actual fact, the choice of 3100 BCE results from no necessity but that of synchronizing Egyptian and Mesopotamian chronolgy.'

--Wayne Chandler, Of Gods and Men: Egypt's Old Kingdom, 1989

"The Ethiopians say that the Egyptians are one of their colonies which was brought into Egypt by Osiris. They claim that at the beginning of the world Egypt was simply a sea but that the Nile, carrying down vast quantities of loam from Ethiopia in its flood waters, finally filled it in and made it part of the continent . . . I not only believe the people who gave me this account of Egypt, but my own conclusions strongly support what they said . . . Now it is my belief that Egypt was originally an arm of the sea. I have observed for myself that Egypt at the Nile Delta projects into the sea beyond the coast on either side; I have seen sea shells on the hills and noticed how salt exudes from the soil to such an extent that it effects even the pyramids; I have noticed too, that the only hill where there is sand is the hill above Memphis, and that the soil of Egypt does not resemble that of the neighboring country of Arabia, or Libya, or even Syria . . . but is black as one would expect of an alluvial soil . . .'

--Diodorus of Sicily

"The Egyptians are colonists sent out by the Ethiopians, Osiris having been the leader of the colony. . . . Osiris . . . . gathered together a great army, with the intention of visiting all the inhabited lands and teaching the race race of men how to cultivate . . . . for he supposed that if he made men give up their savagery and adopt a gentle manner of life he would receive immortal honors. . . . . They were the earliest, and say that the proofs of this are clear. That they did not arrive as immigrants but are the natives of the country and therefore rightly are called autochthonous is almost universally accepted. That those who live in the south are likely to be the first engendered by the earth is obvious to all . . . .They further write that it was among them that people were first taught to honor the gods and offer sacrifices and arrange processions and festivals and perform other things by which people honor the divine. For this reason their piety is famous among all men, and the sacrifes among the Aithiopians are believed to be particularly pleasing to the divinity."

--Diodorus, 1st Century BCE

"These Anu [Ethiopians] were agricultural people, raising cattle on a large scale along the Nile, shutting themselves up in walled cities for defensive purposes. To this people we can attribute without fear of error, the most ancient Egyptian books, The Book of The Dead and the Text of the Pyramids, consequently all the myths of religious teachings. I would add almost all the philosophical systems then known and still called Egyptian. They evidently knew the crafts necessary for any civilization and were familiar with the tools those trades required. They knew how to use metals . . . They made the earliest attempts at writing, for the whole Egyptian tradition attributes this art to Thoth, the great Hermes, an Anu like Osiris, who is called Onian in chapter fifteen of The Book of the Dead and in the Texts of the Pyramids. Certainly the people already knew the principal arts; it left proof of this in the architecture of the tombs at Abydos, especially the tomb of Osiris, and in those sepulchers objects have been found bearing the unmistakable stamp of their origin - such as carved ivory . . . . All those cities [Ant, Annu Menti, Aunti, Aunyt-Seni today called Esneh, Erment, Quoch, and Heliopolis] have the characteristic symbol which serves to denote the name Anu"

--Abbe Emile Amelineau 1850-1916 CE

"Once again we must turn to Amelineau for it was he that discovered the tomb of Osiris at Abydos . . . [and] the head of Osiris found in a jar in the necropolis of Abydos. Because of this discovery Osiris could no longer be considered a mythical hero. The magnitude of this discovery cannot be stressed enough. . . "

Continues...

Excerpted from "True Black History 7000bc-present" by Akan Takruri. Copyright © 2016 by Akan Takruri. Excerpted by permission. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher. Excerpts are provided solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
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Author Profile

Akan Takruri

Akan Takruri

I'm a researcher, and worker with African nations, to try and educate young students. Speaker of 6 different languages, and a lover of different cultures.

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