The Rebel T5/EOS 1200D is the latest entry-level camera in Canon's digital EOS range. It can be described as many cameras in one: not only can it be used as a point-and-shoot camera in its automatic modes, but it can also be controlled manually for more creative photography.
The Rebel T5/EOS 1200D was announced in February 2014 as the replacement for the three-year-old Rebel T3/EOS 1100D. Indeed, the two models are quite similar, so it's easy to think of the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D as an evolutionary camera, rather than a revolutionary one.
While this is partially true, it does the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D a slight disservice. The headline change is the resolution increase from 12MP to 18MP, coupled with Canon's highly capable DIGIC 4 image processor. Another improvement over the Rebel T3/ EOS 1100D is the camera body itself. The quality of the materials used in the body of the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D is a definite improvement over its predecessor.
Canon has also launched a new app specifically for Rebel T5/EOS 1200D users detailing features of the camera; the app is available for both iOS and Android devices.
Dimensions (W x H x D): 5.12 x 3.94 x 3.07in. (130 x 100 x 78mm)
Weight: 16.9 ounces (480 grams) with battery
Body materials: Composite structure
Lens mount: Canon EF/EF-S
Operating environment: 32-104°F (0-40°C) at 85% humidity maximum.
Sensor and processor
Sensor: 22.3 x 14.9mm APS-C format RGB CMOS sensor
Resolution: Approx. 17.9 megapixels
Image processor: DIGIC 4 with 14-bit output
Automatic dust removal: No
JPEG resolution (pixels): 5184 x 3456 (L); 3456 x 2304 (M); 2592 x 1728 (SI); 1920 x 1280 (S2); 720 x 480 (S3).
JPEG compression: Fine; Normal (except when S2 or S3 are selected)
Raw resolution: 5184 x 3456 pixels
Raw format: .CR2 (14-bit)
Raw + JPEG shooting: Yes
Movie format: .MOV
Compression: H.264 (image); Linear PCM (audio)
Movie resolution: Full HD (1920 x 1080 pixels at 30, 25, or 24 frames per second); HD (1280 x 720 pixels at 60 or 50 fps); SD 640 x 480 pixels at 30 or 25 fps)
Type: TFT LCD
Resolution: Approx. 460,000 pixels
Size: 3.0in./7.7cm diagonal
Live View: Yes
Brightness levels: 7 user-selectable levels
Type: Eye-level pentamirror
Coverage: Approx. 95% coverage
Eye point: 21mm
Diopter adjustment: -2.5-+0.5m-1
Focus modes: One-Shot; Al Servo AF; Al Focus AF; Manual
Type: Phase detection
Focus points: 9 AF points that can be selected individually
AF assist beam: Yes
Focusing (Live View)
Focus modes: FlexiZone-Single; Face detection Live; Quick mode; Manual
Type: Contrast detection (FlexiZone-Single; Face detection Live); Phase detection (Quick mode).
Magnification: 5x and 10x magnification of the Live View image available
Basic Zone modes: Scene Intelligent Auto; No Flash; Creative Auto; Portrait; Landscape; Close-up; Sports; Night Portrait; Movie
Creative Zone modes: Program (P); Shutter Priority (Tv); Aperture Priority (Av); Manual (M)
Metering patterns: Evaluative; Center-weighted; Partial
Exposure compensation: ±5 stops in 1/3- or ½-stop increments
Automatic exposure bracketing: ±2 stops in 1/3- or ½- stop increments
ISO: 100-3200 in Basic Zone modes (ISO 100 in Portrait mode); 100-6400 (expandable to H/12,800) in Creative Zone modes
Shutter speeds: 1/4000-30 sec. plus Bulb (mode dependent)
Drive modes: Single shot; Continuous
Max. frame rate: 3 fps
Max. burst depth: 69 frames (JPEG); 6 frames (Raw); 4 frames (Raw + JPEG)
Self-timer: 2 sec. or 10 sec.
Built-in flash: GN 30ft (9.2m) at ISO 100
Hotshoe: Yes (compatible with Canon EX Speedlite flashes)
Sync speed: 1/200 sec.
Flash modes: Auto; Flash On; Flash Off; Red-eye reduction; 1st/2nd curtain sync
Flash exposure compensation: ±2 stops in 1/3-stop increments
Type: SD (up to 2GB), SDHC (up to 32GB); SDXC (32GB+)
Eye-Fi compatible: Yes
EOS Utility; Digital Photo Professional (DPP); ImageBrowser EX; PhotoStitch; Picture Style EditorCHAPTER 2
In keeping with the Rebel T3/EOS HOOD DSLR that it follows, the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D is an entry-level camera. However, this doesn't mean it is lacking in features.
The Rebel T5/EOS 1200D can be used in one of two ways: either as a fully automated point-and-shoot camera or as a manual camera that you have complete control over. There's no shame in using your camera the first way — although it's useful to understand the basic principles of photography, the creation of successful images is ultimately more important.
The automated side of the Rebel T5/ EOS 1200D takes the form of a suite of scene modes (known collectively as Basic Zone modes) that are designed to help you achieve a perfect shot in a variety of photographic situations. The scene modes are fun to use and are easily selectable, making the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D a simple camera to use.
However, if you do want to go further with your photography, there are other modes (known as Creative Zone modes) that will give you greater control over your camera. These modes allow you to set functions such as exposure, metering, and focus to achieve the desired effect. This chapter will begin by explaining the basics of using your Rebel T5/EOS 1200D before moving on to show how it can be used as a powerful creative tool.
Attaching the strap
Once you've attached the supplied strap, you can wear your Rebel T5/EOS 1200D around your neck or wrap the strap around your wrist to help keep your camera secure.
To attach the strap to your Rebel T5/ EOS 1200D, pull one end of the strap out of the attached buckle and plastic loop, and then feed it through either the right or left strap mount on the side of the camera. Feed the end back through the plastic loop and under the length of strap still in the buckle. Pull the end of the strap so that it fits snugly in the buckle. For safety, allow at least 2 inches (5cm) of strap to extend beyond the buckle. Repeat the process on the opposite side of the camera.
Using the viewfinder
There are two ways to compose an image with your Rebel T5/EOS 1200D: you can either use the LCD screen and Live View or you can look through the camera's optical viewfinder. Both methods have their advantages and disadvantages (we'll explore Live View later in this chapter).
The two big advantages of using the viewfinder are that it conserves battery power and it is easier to hold a camera steady against your face than when held at arm's length. Unfortunately, the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D's viewfinder only shows you 95% of what will be captured when an exposure is made (Live View shows you 100%). For this reason, images will contain more of the scene than anticipated.
To counter this, you can either crop the image during postproduction to create the desired composition, or to compensate at the time of exposure, you could zoom in slightly with your lens once you have your composition worked out.
POWERING YOUR CAMERA
The supplied LP-E10 battery must be fully charged before using it in your Rebel T5/ EOS 1200D. To charge the battery, first remove its terminal cover and then slide the battery in and down into the supplied LC-E10 or LC-E10E charger (the word "Canon" should be in the same orientation on both the charger and battery).
Connect the LC-E10E charger to the AC power cord and insert the plug into a wall socket or plug the LC-E10 charger directly into a wall socket after flipping out the power terminals. The "charge" lamp will glow orange.
When charging is complete, the "full" lamp will glow green. You can now unplug the charger from the wall socket and remove the battery by pulling it up and out from the charger using the tab on the right side of the battery. It will take approximately 2 hours to fully charge a depleted battery.
Inserting and removing the battery
To insert the battery, switch your Rebel T5/ EOS 1200D off and turn it upside down. Push the memory card/battery cover release lever toward the front of the camera — the cover door should open easily. With the battery contact terminals facing down and to the front of the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D, push the battery into the compartment with the side of the battery pressing against the gray locking lever as you do so. Once the battery has clicked into place, close the cover.
To remove the battery, push the lock lever away from the battery and gently pull it out.
The battery supplied with the Rebel T5/ EOS 1200D is a rechargeable lithium-ion unit. Lithium-ion (or li-ion) batteries are remarkably small and lightweight for their power capacity. However, as with all batteries, they will deplete with use. How quickly this happens will depend on how efficiently you use your camera. Using the LCD is particularly draining, so try to keep the use of the screen to a minimum. Using Live View is even less efficient, since the sensor needs to be active, which puts a further strain on the battery.
Environmental conditions can also affect the efficiency of a battery, especially cold conditions, which will cause your battery to deplete more quickly. At normal operating temperatures (without using Live View), the LP-E10 should last for approximately 600 shots or 500 if using flash roughly 50% of the time. If you shoot in freezing conditions, the battery will last for 500 and 410 shots respectively.
Using AC electricity
The Rebel T5/EOS 1200D can also be powered by the optional ACK-E10 AC adapter kit, which provides a constant power supply to your camera. This is useful when you're using your camera for a long period of time, such as when displaying images on a TV, when transferring a large number of files to your computer or printer, or when cleaning the sensor.
To use the adapter, turn the Rebel T5/ EOS 1200D off and then plug the power cord of the AC adapter into the coupler. Open the battery cover on the camera and slide the coupler into the camera as a replacement for the standard battery. The coupler should click into place. Close the battery cover, slotting the power cable into the DC coupler terminal cover.
Plug the power cord into the AC adapter and connect it to a convenient wall socket. Turn the camera on and use as normal. When you are finished, turn the camera off and reverse the process above to remove the AC adapter.
BASIC CAMERA FUNCTIONS
The Rebel T5/EOS 1200D fits neatly into Canon's DSLR camera range. If you've used other models in the range and are familiar with basic Canon camera tasks, you can skip this section.
Fitting a lens
Always switch off your Rebel T5/EOS 1200D before adding or removing a lens. Hold the camera so that the front is facing you, and remove the bodycap by pressing in the lens-release button and turning the bodycap to the left until it comes free.
Remove the rear protection cap from your lens. If you want to fit an EF-S lens, align the white index mark on the lens barrel with the white mark on the camera lens mount (the 18–55mm kit lens that may have come with your camera is an EF-S lens). Hold the solid part of the lens, gently push it into the lens mount until it will go no further, and then turn the lens to the right until it clicks into place.
To remove the lens, reverse the procedure. The process is the same if you're fitting an EF lens, except you need to align the red mark on the lens with the red mark on the camera lens mount. Replace the bodycap on the Rebel T5/ EOS 1200D and the rear cap on the lens if neither is to be used again immediately.
Switching the camera on
The camera's power switch is to the right of the Mode dial. Switched to OFF, the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D is entirely inactive. Switched to ON, the access lamp will flicker briefly and the LCD will light up.
Buttons and dials
To use the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D's features to the full, you need to be familiar with the positions and meaning of the various dials and buttons on the camera body. Although the sheer number of dials and buttons may look daunting initially, they're arranged in a reasonably logical way — with practice, it doesn't take long to become familiar with them. We'll be referring to the dials and buttons throughout the rest of the book by using a variety of shortcuts.
The controls you'll be using the most are the Main dial [??] just behind the shutter-release button and the directional keys at the right of the LCD (Left */ Up */Down */Right *). If any of the directional keys can be used (such as when moving the focus point around the LCD), * will be shown — then it will be up to you to decide which button is pressed.
The directional keys are arranged around the Setting button, which will be shown as (SET). [??] and the directional keys can sometimes be used interchangeably; any exceptions to this will be noted when necessary. Finally, words in bold type are options visible on a menu screen, while specific buttons on the camera are referred to by their name or relevant symbol.
Pressing DISP. when in shooting mode will toggle the LCD on or off; press DISP. repeatedly in Live View mode and you'll skip through different levels of shooting information overlaid on the Live View image. However, if you're using the LCD to compose a shot, it's a good idea to turn off the shooting information (if only temporarily), as the less visual distraction there is on the screen, the easier you will find it to compose effectively.
[??] is used to set the aperture value and shutter speed respectively in Aperture Priority (Av) and Shutter Priority (Tv) modes. In Program (P) mode, the [??] can be used to "shift" the exposure values. In Manual (M) exposure mode, turning [??] changes the shutter speed. To change the aperture value, you need to hold down [??]/Av]??] at the same time as turning [??].
Quick Control menu
The Rebel T5/EOS 1200D's menu system is very comprehensive (arguably too comprehensive for use on a regular basis). Fortunately, there's a useful shortcut in the form of the Quick Control menu, which is displayed when you press the [Q] button. The options shown vary depending on whether you are in a Basic or Creative Zone shooting mode, and whether you are viewing images or movies in playback.
There are two ways to use the Quick Control menu. The first is to press [??] to highlight the required option and then press (SET) to view a detailed settings screen where the required changes can be made.
Alternatively, with the option highlighted on the main Quick Control menu screen, turn [??] to make the desired changes (when [??] is displayed at the bottom right corner of the LCD).
Setting the correct time and date on your Rebel T5/EOS 1200D is the first task you'll be prompted to do when you first switch on your camera (if you don't set the time and date, the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D will continue to prompt you to do so every time you turn it on subsequently).
It is important to set the right time and date, as this information is embedded into the image file when it's created. When it comes to keeping track of your photos, the time and date information can be a valuable method of sorting your images into order or finding a particular image.
Setting the date and time
1) Turn on your Rebel T5/EOS 1200D.
2) Press */* to highlight the date or time value you want to alter. A yellow box surrounds the highlighted value. Press (SET).
3) Press * to increase the value shown or * to decrease it. Press (SET) once more to confirm your choice.
4) Set the way that the date is displayed on your Rebel T5/EOS 1200D. You can choose from dd/mm/yy, yy/mm/dd, or mm/dd/yy.
5) Highlight * to set whether daylight saving needs to be adjusted. Press (SET) and then *. When * is displayed, the time is advanced by one hour. Press (SET) again.
6) Highlight the time zone option. Press (SET) and use */* to find your current time zone. Press (SET) to select the time zone.
7) Highlight OK and then press (SET) to continue, or highlight Cancel and press (SET) to exit without saving.
Operating the shutter-release button
There are two separate stages to the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D's shutter-release button. If you press down lightly halfway, the camera's autofocus and exposure metering systems are activated (if the camera is in playback mode this is canceled automatically).
How the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D focuses is determined by the focus mode you've chosen; if you've chosen to manually focus the lens, the camera won't begin focusing, although it will start metering the scene to calculate the required exposure. The various AF modes are described in more detail later in this chapter.
To take a shot, press down fully on the shutter-re I ease button. However, the Rebel T5/EOS 1200D won't let you do this until the AF system has focused the lens (it will fire when the lens is set to MF, though).