**** Fourth edition available by end of January 2018. ****
This book covers a discovery of a universal relationship so powerful and elegant, so ancient and vast, so simple and profound that includes the flow of humanity, encompassing unalienable rights—life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness—an animate pattern found in the physical constructal law.
The constructal law, discovered in 1996 by American Professor Adrian Bejan, J.A. Jones Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Duke University in North Carolina, governs evolution in biology, physics, technology, social organization, and is part of the laws of thermodynamics. The constructal law states:
For a flow system to persist in time (to live), it must evolve freely such that it provides greater access to its currents.  
The aim of this book traverses the fine line between science, philosophy, faith and politics examining Thomas Jefferson’s claim of unalienable rights relative to the constructal law in contrast with morality, economics, and the rule of man-made law.
The following is an enlightening, exuberant, and paradigm-shifting exploration that fundamentally transforms our understanding of unalienable rights.
Thomas Jefferson’s celebrated claim, as written in the Declaration of Independence (US 1776),  that humanity’s “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” are “self-evident” and “they are endowed by their Creator.” Within that same Declaration, Jefferson, being a man of faith, also embraced the cultural realities of his day when he stated: “…and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to whichthe Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them….”
There is little doubt that Jefferson and those of faith, both in his day and today, believed that God is the “Creator” of the universe and everything in it, including the laws of nature. Expanding on this belief, those of faith may conclude that the laws of nature are the handwriting of God and the scientific method is a way to read God’s handwriting. Relative to this induction and within the scope of this book, I will interpret Jefferson’s “endowed by their Creator” claim to mean that our unalienable rights are part of the laws of nature.
The philosophy of Divine handwriting being “the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God” invites those of faith to share in this discovery, and being part of the discussion in going forward. Looking back in history, a general understanding of those laws in nature renders reformation in philosophy.
Reformation in our philosophy concerning life’s unalienable rights begins with the following one-to-one relationship to the constructal law:
For a flow system to persist in time (to live) [life], it must evolve freely [liberty] such that it provides greater access [the pursuit of] to its currents [happiness (positive feedback)].
From this one-to-one relationship, it would seem life’s innate rights are the constructal law. Being that the laws of nature are universal, the constructal law expands the scope of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness and we may define these as bio-primitives found throughout life down to the single-cell level. The self-evident nature put forward by Jefferson, also applies to the life of an organism having liberty within its domain, in the pursuit of survival; otherwise, there is no life. Underlying the time and energy expended, or the work involved, in the pursuit of survival or any other objective, supports the notion that most accomplishments result in some form of chemical/electrical positive feedback or happiness for humans.
In our modern age, the scientific method has shown itself to be an invaluable extension to human endeavors. It provides a way for scientists to study repeatable patterns in nature; perhaps, leading to the discovery of unknown physical laws. Although this method is fallible, it served us well, as it continues to improve over time through advances in metrology and on mankind’s ability to decipher the empirical evidence.
From the application of metrology—the science of observation— there exists an empirical repeatable flow in nature having the tendency to move in the direction from high to low; this directional tendency is summarized in the second law of thermodynamics. Most flows also have a tendency to leave patterns in their wake. From those patterns, we will develop an effective exhibit throughout this book using familiar examples, while the burden of proof is not one in mathematics, but develops throughout the book in a philosophical context.
This natural flow from high to low, for example, is in the aerosol flow from a pressurized canister. Pressing the canister’s nozzle frees the aerosol to flow from a higher pressure inside the can in the direction of a lower pressure outside the can.
The same observation with temperature: the thermal flow goes from high temperature to a lower temperature, and during an electrical discharge, electrons flow from a high potential voltage taking the path of least resistance resulting in a lower potential. The most visible illustration of electron flow generates that familiar shape found within the wake of a lightning bolt.
This lightning bolt forms a common treelike structure, exhibiting the nature of the constructal law by the repository of hierarchical branching patterns found throughout nature. The wake produced by pressure and temperature flow also maintains structure within their gradient of motion. From those gradients, the universe is brimming with the wonders of change by the dynamics of flow. The constructal law operates within this dynamic, guiding the freedom of flow along the path of least resistance, causing the universe to morph into configuration.
After the Big Bang, the flow from pure energy morphed into the elements found in the Periodic Table. Planets evolved from those elements and the ones with atmospheric and fluid bearing flow, formed treelike and vascularized patterns in their wake.
As this morphing continued on Earth, from inanimate to animate, it resulted in vascularized, treelike patterns throughout the living universe similar to the hierarchical branching patterns found in the flow of traffic, social organization, communication, markets, and other human activities. It is as if there is a miraculous design in nature, orchestrated by the constructal law.
Knowing treelike patterns are the footprint of the constructal law, we may search the history of governance for the ones having the most efficient, the greatest innovation, in those hierarchical branching patterns found in the flow of traffic, social organization, communication, markets, and other human activities, and in the aggregate, promoting a positive experience (happiness in general).
The empirical observation of those treelike patterns suggests the optimum forms of governance are those who embrace and protect the individual’s unalienable rights from the crimes of others and from the crimes of government. From such observations we come full circle to life’s bio-primitives flowing throughout living nature that are so simple, repeatable, and reliable, reflecting a universal behavior, as Thomas Jefferson labeled these bio-primitives as “unalienable Rights.”
In the end, the observations in this book supports Jefferson’s “self-evident” claim about our unalienable rights, a founding principle of the U.S. Constitution defining a social experiment in governance. Within 200 years of its formation, this governance brought global change like no other in recorded history through advances in technology, food production, and medicine; a social empirical data point offers a compelling example of what can happen when our unalienable rights are free to flow within the awesome machinery of nature.
Throughout nature, we are surrounded by the beauty of treelike and vascularized patterns both within us and outside of us. While studying the symmetry of such beauty, the course of our curiosity takes an unexpected turn: We find ourselves on an evolutionary path having profound philosophical reformations. The constructal mechanism guiding flow, including the flow of humanity, spawns such patterns. The similarity between Jefferson’s claims of unalienable rights to the constructal law is a relationship we cannot ignore, a potential paradigm shift within the political and social sciences. We can develop a deeper understanding of these innate rights by shifting our focus to physical science. There is scientific merit in studying this evidence or at least in debating these rights or bio-primitives relative to life.
This book examines our unalienable rights as a dynamic interface between the physical and social domains, taking the discourse out of the ivory tower explaining the reach and extent of such phenomena within a simple context. Observing our rights through the prism of science will provoke questions, nurture wisdom and perhaps advance our philosophical reformations in morality, economics, and the rule of law as we travel the endless road to utopia.
Excerpted from "Scientific Proof of Our Unalienable Rights. A Road to Utopia" by Michael T. Takac. Copyright © 2012 by Michael T. Takac. Excerpted by permission. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher. Excerpts are provided solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.